The relations between Jesus and the Jews have been a central issue in relations between a Christian majority and a Jewish minority in European history. Jesus has been an iconic figure for European Identity, for who "we" are , while Jews were "the other."
That Jesus himself was a Jew has therefore represented a dilemma for Christian Europeans. This lecture will explore how this dilemma was played out throughout the centuries, from the beginnings in the Gospels until to-day. Central issues are the accusations that “the Jews killed Christ” and Luther’s attitude towards the Jews. In recent history the suggestion that Jesus was not a Jew but an Aryan, was advocated by theologians during the Nazi-period in Germany.
After Holocaust, however, there is strong emphasis also by Christian theologians that Jesus was a Jew.
Halvor Moxnes is professor emeritus in New Testament Studies from the University of Oslo, Faculty of Theology. He has done research on family, sexuality and gender roles in the New Testament, the cultural context of biblical interpretation and the historical Jesus.